Third Method of Creating Plurals
The third of Roderick MacKinnon’s nine methods of creating plurals:
- Substitute i for the last broad vowel (a, o, u) or for ea in the nominative singular.
- each, eich (i replaced a: each, aych) horse, horses
- fear, fir (i replaced ea: fer, feer ) man, men
- coibhneas, coibhneis (i replaced a: KOHV-nes, KOHV-nish) kindness, kindnesses
- ceann, cinn (i replaced ea: kyoon*, keen ) head, heads
*very approximate on the pronunciation
Try using these and previous plurals in sentences using verbs and prepositions you have learned. Use them with aon and dà, using the correct lenition, and with all the other numbers.
The first two methods of creating plurals:
- add an (or ean if the last vowel is e or i)
- place i after the last broad vowel (a, o, or u)
Numbers and Lenition
- a h-aon, a dhà, a trì, a ceithir, a còig, a sia, a seachd, a h-ochd, a naoi, a deich.
- When using numbers with a noun, drop the a’s and h‘s
- aon lenites its following noun starting with all letters except l, n, r, d, t, s, and vowels
- dhà is free-standing, dà is used before nouns.
- nouns following dhà/dà take their dative, singular, lenited form