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THE…most common rules and feminine nouns

August 18, 2016

Focusing on just one section of yesterday’s chart:

  1. an most of the time, except
  2. a’  plus lenite the following word if the initial letter of the noun starts with b, c, g, m, p
  3. am plus lenite the following word if the initial letter of the noun starts with f
  4. an t- if the initial letter of the noun starts with sl, sn, sr, or s + vowel

When do we follow these rules?

  • ONLY for singulars
  • Masculine dative and genitive
  • Feminine nominative and dative

So here are some feminine nouns that we’re going to assume are used in the nominative.  And hopefully I have this all correct, and am not making a mistake due to some obscure rule I don’t yet know:  [In fact, lenition can also cause changes in vowels, too.]

In an attempt to keep this to bite-size, easy to remember pieces, here are examples just for the first two rules within the rules:

RULE 1: any feminine noun that does not begin with b, c, g, m, p; f; or sl, sn, sr, s+vowel:

  • an deoch the drink

RULE 2: feminine nouns beginning with b, c, g, m, p

  • a’ bheannachd the blessing
  • a’ bheinn the mountain
  • a’ chèic  [cèic should always be plural, but we’re going to accept, for grammatical and pedagogical purposes, this unfortunate limit of only one cake] the cake
  • a’ ghrian the sun
  • a’ mhuir the sea
  • a’ phairc the park

 

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