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THE Rules, nominative

August 22, 2016

Once again reviewing what we covered last week off the Write Your Own Grammarly chart, the sections in dark blue which tell us:

  1. an most of the time
  2. a’  /lenite for  b, c, g, m, p
  3. am /lenite for f
  4. an t- for sl, sn, sr, or s + vowel

When do we follow these rules?

  • ONLY for singulars
  • Masculine dative and genitive
  • Feminine nominative and dative

We are still focusing only on feminine, so nominative is: The subject of the sentence.

Dative in Gaelic:

  • Nouns take dative case after simple prepositions such as air, aig, ann, etc.
  • Feminine, singular nouns usually change their form in dative by adding an before the vowel’s final consonant (unless there’s already an there.)

And this is why it’s a good idea to learn by phrases and sentences rather than single words!  Here are some phrases in the dative case, with singular feminine nouns:

  • air a’ ghealaich (ad ah YAY-lahch) on the moon
  • anns an Fhraing (OUNz ahn RAHNG) in France
  • air an t-sròin (ad ahn TROH-in) on the nose
  • leis an rionnaig (LESH ahn RINN-ick)

This added is often ignored in spoken speech.

Tomorrow, more sentences with feminine singular, then we move on to masculine.

 

 

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